Liberalisation of cabotage need to go hand in hand with harmonisations of these differences. Otherwise the Internal Market will lead to unfair competition and a worsening of the social conditions in the road transport sector.
This is against the long term objectives for road transport. We want a sustainable sector, capable of financing investments in technology for the future, capable of offering quality jobs at competitive wages, and in a position to meet all legal requirements.
What we have today will not deliver these objectives.
Cabotage is by its nature a temporary activity. Otherwise the term would not have to exist. But a number of companies exploit, that our authorities do not set a limit for how many times a lorry, by doing international freight transport, can have the right to carry freight internally in our market. This makes cabotage in reality a permanent operation.
The transport and logistics organisations in NLA from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark fear, that the situation is running out of control. The lawmakers took such a situation into account, when adopting the new rules for cabotage. Art. 10 in the Regulation 1072/2009 gives the opportunity for the introduction of a safeguard mechanism, if serious disturbances of the national transport market and an excess of supply over demand are observed.
However, we must conclude that no one has the willingness to apply this safeguard clause. This leads to a serious problem with the existing legislation. On one hand the rules are applied in such a way, that they are de facto a full liberalisation in some countries, on the other hand the authorities claim not to have the competence to stop the unfair competition and social dumping.
We cannot accept this situation. Cabotage operations must remain within a limited framework as long as the social and fiscal conditions within the EU are not yet harmonised. Cabotage operations need to remain limited, temporary and linked to an international transport, in order to ensure a fair and equal competition between the member states.
In view of the present situation in the market we call for a clarification of the existing rules for the purpose of ensuring that these operations remain limited. In particular we call for
- a definition of the 7-day period to reflect that 7 days must pass before a new round of operations can start
- a clearer definition of what is one operation in order to prevent permanent and systematic operations
- a joint liability with other parties in the transport chain to ensure that the rules are respected
- the possibilities and obligations of member states to control and enforce the rules must be improved and increased
Furthermore, the rules on cabotage are in fact only rules for the vehicles. They must be accompanied by European rules on the social conditions of the international driver and a regime must be introduced which is adapted to the situation for highly mobile workers is introduced.
Only this way can a true Internal Market for hauliers, vehicles and drivers be established and maintained.
We call for a revision of the present rules to reflect these concerns.
Cabotage, meaning the national carriage of goods for hire or reward carried out by non resident hauliers on a temporary basis in a host Member State, is governed by Regulation (EC) 1072/2009 as of 14 May 2010. This regulation replaced Regulations (EEC) No 881/92 and (EEC) No 3118/93, as well as Directive 2006/94/EC. The aim of the new Regulations is to improve the efficiency of road freight transport by reducing empty trips after the unloading of international transport operations.
Article 8 of the Regulation provides that every haulier is entitled to perform up to three cabotage operations within a seven day period starting the day after the unloading of the international transport.
A haulier may decide to carry out one, two or all three cabotage operations in different Member States and not necessarily the Member State in which the international transport was delivered. In this case only one cabotage operation is allowed in a given Member State to be carried out within three days of entering that Member State without cargo.